DACH IT Outsourcing Markets – Industry Tendencies For 2007
DACH IT Outsourcing Markets – Industry Tendencies For 2007
Through 2007, the information technology and telecommunication market in EU-countries is expected to demonstrate 2.9% increase (668 billion Euro value) as compared to the previous year. This data is validated by BITKOM (German Association for Information Technology,
Telecommunications and New Media eV) and recent research by European Information Technology Observatory (EITO). Dr. Bernhard Rohleder, CEO for BITKOM predictions positive market dynamics for 2008 at the same growth margins. The guiding industry segments encompass Software (6.5% per cent growth) and IT Services (5.5% growth).
When supply meets demand: the case of IT outsourcing
Nearly two thirds of the interviewed firms declared their intent to employ extra personnel in 2007. In this sense, the shortage of the highly qualified IT resources is being considered as a fundamental challenge to the long-continued development of the information technology industry. As far back as in 2004, Gartner consultants estimated that before 2010 up to 25% of the traditional IT jobs in the Europe will be outsourced to more cost-effective locations. However, taking into consideration the current outsourcing growth rates, the quantitative dimension of this trend will be even more impressive.
According to BITKOM research, 43 per cent of German IT-firms experience problems with staffing. During the coming years this trend will become even more visible due to demographic decline, shortage of highly qualified personnel and yet good IT market opportunities. Approximately 20,000 job positions in German IT sector are currently unoccupied. Most popular job offerings include well-trained software developers, IT project managers and IT consultants.
At the same time, the growing demand in the IT personnel market brings about compliance proposition from the foreign outsourcing vendors and consequently toughens the competition among the IT providers from abroad. Approximately 58% of the Schwartz Public Relations interviews have expressed their willingness to outsource the activities associated with IT Services domain to nearshore and offshore locations like CEE, China and India. Unlike the nearshore competitors, Indian IT-specialists are unwilling either to work on onshore contracts nor apply for German Green Card.
IT outsourcing: attractions and concerns
As outlined in recent publication in CIO magazine, the main driving force behind outsourcing remains cost reduction, this aspect gains additional significance for larger enterprises. Additional reasons for outsourcing encompass betterment of services, achieving flexibility and conformity to industry standards.
Judging from the consequences of CIO-Online Survey, 77 per cent of the interviewees outline loss of know-how as the major risk of outsourcing. It has demonstrated visible opinion shift as compared to 2005 poll: professional know-how loss calculated significant concern "only" to 36 per cent of surveyed professionals, while inappropriate quality caused fundamental problems to 48% of the interviewees. Additional arguments against outsourcing included overwhelming dependence from the provider, loss of primary competency, security issues and lack of adaptable processes. overhead, non-transparent business models and failing to meet deadlines.
Wolfgang Janko, Austrian IT industry expert mentions that the first and foremost rule of outsourcing is: "Never to outsource the IT services, which measure the core competency of the enterprise. companies ".
However, effective risk mitigation strategies along with carefully examined and mutually agreed partnership conditions are capable of minimizing the unwanted outcomes of outsourcing.
Swiss outsourcing times: mega-deals left behind
The analysts from Active Sourcing estimate the overall Swiss IT outsourcing market volume in approximately 12.9 billion Euro. The market analysis by German-French corporation PAC supposes that during 2006 – 2010 Swiss IT outsourcing market will grow at 7.5%. The leading IT outsourcing-consumers including industry verticals include Retailing, Public Sector, Transport / Tourism, Telecommunications and Insurance. In relation to "big deals", Finance sector continues to occupy prominent positions: 84% of the IT outsourcing agreements with more than CHF 10 million total cost of contract were concluded during the last twelve months in Finance / Banking industry. The leading position at the Swiss outsourcers ranking list occupations IBM; its close competitors include Swisscom IT Services, T-Systems, EDS, HP, Accenture and CSC.
Judging from the statistical data for the beginning of 2007, the total cost of the contracts is decreasing, with the era of mega-transactions switching to multitude of middle-size contracts in private sector. Over the years, SME segment is gaining increasing popularity among IT service providers. Other trend that is obviously taking place is multisourcing, selective distribution of IT tasks among diversified providers; it capacitates the minimization of client's dependence from single source of outsourced software development and occupations prominent niche within the fastest growing trends. The outsourcing clients are getting more and more equipped to manage multiple vendors simultaneously.
The IT market experiences the second wave of outsourcing, with contract renewals and greater acknowledgment of strategic partnerships being on the top of the agenda. Outsourcing providers are modifying their offerings in sense of increased client expectations and emerging new technologies. Broadly speaking, the price and service offerings of the outsourcing providers in most cases do not have tangible difference. The most important aspect remains, particularly for German-speaking market, individually tailor client approaches and working towards satisfying the needs of customer's business. As for the Swiss IT outsourcing market, nearly three fourth of all contracts with IT service providers are renewed. However, according to data publicized by Active Sourcing, during the third quarter of 2006 the newly signed contracts dominated on the market.
German outsourcing landscape: even more benefits for larger enterprises?
Through 2004 – 2006, the German outsourcing market has grown by 8 per cent, totaling EUR 12 billion. Starting from 2006, the market dynamics has accelerated, amounting for 11 per cent annually; the figures for 2007 are expected to reach more than 15 billion Euro. According to recent IDC investigations, its market share enterprises 38%. German top IT outsourcing providers encompass IBM, Fujitsu, Hewlett-Packard, Siemens, EDS, Info AG and TDS. IT outsourcing acquires paramount importance for German enterprises: as stated in Meta Group market investigation, 37% of the companies are willing to execute partial or complete outsourcing of their IT activities. Another survey by CIO.de, conducted at the end of 2006, provides clear evidences that 51% of the interviewees plan to outsource their IT activities and 15% are still undecided.
The 30 largest IT providers in Germany occupy approximately 60% of total market volume, with the rest of the numerous smaller market players: regional providers and IT branch establishments. The IT service landscape in Germany is also characterized by increasing number of mergers and acquisitions; notes of transactions interest exists both from foreign providers and German IT companies.
According to AT Kearney consultancy, IT providers operating in Germany could be classified as follows:
– Global Players (extended service portfolio, min. EUR 10 billion turnover);
– Major Regionals (broad service portfolio, regional or country-specific focus, EUR 1 – 10 mln turnover, approx. 40% foreign capital involvement);
– Indian Firms (major focus on software services, mid-ranged service portfolio, EUR 500 mln. – 2 billion turnover);
– Captives (branch establishments with delivery models oriented to associated company, EUR 50 mln. – 1 billion turnover, overwhelming regional course);
– Second-Tier (regional firms, up to EUR 500 mln. Turnover, specific service focus).
The 'big deals' pattern on the German market much resembls the Swiss one: multi-million contracts are becoming a rare case, with the projection of turning into exception in the near future. Selective outsourcing is gaining more and more popularity, involving partial infrastructure components or certain business processes. The substantial number of industry players from Finance, Telecommunication, Media and Insurance verticals outsource their IT processes to external vendors. Another interesting note: the larger the company, the greater emphasis is laid upon outsourcing: Meta Group survey results for companies that employ more than 5,000 staff members testify that 46% of the corporations take advantage of complete or partial outsourcing.
In outsourcing of applications the lead take ERP programs (especially SAP), another 12 per cent occupancy CRM-applications and branch-specific solutions. The predominant role in German IT market plays offshore outsourcing, including Indian subcontractors, the significant market share retain CEE and SEE outsourcing providers, working within well-established and cost-attractive niches. The recent years have given birth to brand new models of both ITO and BPO: "Software as a Service", "On Demand Sourcing", "Dynamic Infrastructure" and "Shared Services".
Outsourcing in Austria : growth fueled by SMEs
As publicized by IDC Study, until 2010 Austrian market for information technology services will grow by 3.9 per cent. In 2006, the Austrian IT market volume has increased by 2.9%, keeping step with EU average indicator. When assessing rankings, the major IT service players, the lead takes Siemens Business Service, followed by Raiffeisen Informatik, iT-Austria and IBM. The most dramatic development is being demonstrated by open source and IT security services. Since 2004, the most significant IT business domain remains outsourcing (36% of market share). Siemens Study adds new arguments for increased dynamics for IT outsourcing market in Austria. While international analysts measure the market development at 12%, Siemens experts forecast even more rapid IT outsourcing growth. The most important IT business domain in Austria remains outsourcing with market share of 36%. While the complete outsourcing of the IT infrastructure experiences stagnation, such segments as application management along with network- and desktop-outsourcing demonstrate visible growth from 11.8 to 13.8%.
The outsourcing clients are willing to invest in the issues with a long-term effect: service-oriented architecture, enterprise application integration and web services. Much ambition in outsourcing services is placed upon innovation in other to beat the competition. The powerful incentive is given to industry-specific solutions. According to IT branch analyst Christiane Pütter, Austrian SMEs are making their choice in favor of ERP and CRM solutions. The efforts of IT outsourcing providers are focused on Austrian small and medium enterprises. Joachim Seidler, Branch Manager at IDC Austria notes that "nearly 60% of IT outsourcing services in Austria is delivered to SME segment". The subcontracting of IT and Telecommunication infrastructure to external providers proves to be of utmost interest to Austrian SMEs. Carlo Wolf, CEO of Cisco-Austria estimate the SME segment growth at 20% margin (overall market potential approx. 300 mln.), Although this market share looks to be reliably small.
Currently, partial outsourcing is a popular trend among Austrian IT companies. Albert Felbauer, CEO for Siemens Business Services Austria, shares his industry look-out: "Nowadays Austrian enterprises, which are engaged in outsourcing relationships, subcontract approx. 20-30% of their IT activities".
DACH outsourcing market: a look beyond
To conclude with, the IT outsourcing market in DACH-region is going through impactful transformations: mega-deals becoming a rare occasion and nearshoring and multisourcing gaining more prominent positions. The outsourcing agreements are being concluded for shorter periods, with selective outtasking becoming a viable trend.
While the IT budgets within the companies are not substantially pushed up, the IT analysts expect stable outsourcing market growth (7-10%) in the years to come. Branch-specific services are winning dominant market share, with Finance / Banking solutions taking the lead. The new outsourcing era will be marked by the powerful wave of mergers and acquisitions, especially among CEE outsourcing providers and DACH IT corporations. SME market, including start-ups, would also generate constantly growing demand for outsourcing services, toughening competition between outsourcing multinationals and nearshore providers.